haunting words of George Santayana reminds us that the lessons
of history are invaluable in determining the course of the
future: "Those who forget the past are condemned to
The Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six
million Jews by Adolf
Hitler and the Nazis during World War 2. In 1933
approximately nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of
Europe that would be military occupied by Germany during the
war. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been
killed by the Nazis. 1.5 million children
were murdered. This figure includes more than 1.2 million
Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and
thousands of handicapped children.
The Holocaust is a history of enduring horror and sorrow. It
seems as though there is no spark of human concern, no act of
humanity, to lighten that dark history. The survivor, the
author Elie Wiesel, has dedicated his life to ensuring that
none of us forget what happened to the Jews. The Nobel Prize
those times there was darkness everywhere. In heaven and on
earth, all the gates of compassion seemed to have been closed.
The killer killed and the Jews died and the outside world
adopted an attitude either of complicity or of indifference.
Only a few had the courage to care."