to investigate the limits of human endurance and
existence at extremely high altitudes. The victims were
placed in the low-pressure chamber and thereafter the
simulated altitude therein was raised. Many victims died
as a result of these experiments and others suffered
grave injury, torture, and ill-treatment.
to test the effect of various pharmaceutical
preparations on phosphorous burns. These burns were
inflicted on the victims with phosphorous matter taken
from incendiary bombs, and caused severe pain,
suffering, and serious bodily injury.
to investigate the most effective means of treating
persons who had been severely chilled or frozen. The
victims were forced to remain in a tank of ice water for
up to 3 hours. Extreme rigor developed in a short time.
Numerous victims died in the course of these
experiments. After the survivors were severely chilled,
rewarming was attempted by various means. In another
series of experiments, the victims were kept naked
outdoors for many hours at temperatures below freezing.
The victims screamed with pain as their bodies froze.
to study various methods of making sea water drinkable.
The victims were deprived of all food and given only
chemically processed sea water. Such experiments caused
great pain and suffering and resulted in serious bodily
injury to the victims.
to investigate immunization for and treatment of
malaria. The victims were infected by mosquitoes or by
injections of extracts of the mucous glands of
mosquitoes. After having contracted malaria the victims
were treated with various drugs to test their relative
efficacy. Over 1,000 victims were used in these
experiments. Many died and others suffered severe pain
and permanent disability.
to investigate the most effective treatment of wounds
caused by Mustard gas. Wounds deliberately inflicted on
the victims were infected with Mustard gas. Some of the
victims died as a result of these experiments and others
suffered intense pain and injury.
to investigate the effectiveness of sulfanilamide.
Wounds deliberately inflicted on the victims were
infected with bacteria such as streptococcus, gas
gangrene, and tetanus. Circulation of blood was
interrupted by tying off blood vessels at both ends of
the wound to create a condition similar to that of a
battlefield wound. Infection was aggravated by forcing
wood shavings and ground glass into the wounds. The
infection was treated with sulfanilamide and other
drugs to determine their effectiveness. Many victims
died as a result of these experiments and others
suffered serious injury and intense agony.
Fever (Typhus) Experiments
to investigate the effectiveness of spotted fever and
other vaccines. Numerous victims were deliberately
infected with spotted fever virus in order to keep the
virus alive - over 90 percent of the victims died as a
Experiments with Poison
to investigate the effect of various poisons upon
human beings. The poisons were secretly administered
to the victims in their food. The victims died as a
result of the poison or were killed immediately in
order to permit autopsies. In or about September 1944
the victims were shot with poison bullets and suffered
torture and death.
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