Arthur Seyss-Inquart was Reich Governor of Austria and the
Reich Commissioner of the German-occupied Netherlands.
Seyss-Inquart was responsible for recruiting 5 million
Dutchmen for deportation to Nazi Germany and for sending
117.000 Dutch Jews to their deaths in Nazi death camps like
In February 1938, in response to German pressure, he was
named minister of interior and security, a prelude to his
replacement of Kurt von Schuschnigg as chancellor on March
11, 1938, the eve of Anschluss.
Subsequently he served as Governor of the new Austrian
provincial administration until April 30, 1939. He was later
appointed deputy Governor in Poland and eventually
Reichskommissar of the occupied Netherlands.
Following the defeat of Germany in World War II, he was tried,
convicted and hanged as a war criminal at Nürnberg.