General Alfred Jodl was Chief of the OKW and Hitler`s closest
military adviser - found guilty as a major war criminal on all four counts, including war crimes and crimes against
Alfred Jodl was born in Aachen, Germany. A Bavarian gunner
officer he was appointed in 1938 head of the operations section
of OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht), the inter-service
staff with which Hitler had replaced the old War Ministry and
deposed the High Command. His role was executive rather
than decision making, but he performed it brilliantly, giving
concrete military form to the Fuhrer's strategic decisions. He
attended all the twice-daily situation conferences and was
principal source of technical information and advice.
Later Alfred Jodl initialled an order signed for Hitler by Keitel,
which provided that enemy civilians guilty of offenses against
German troops should be killed without a military trial, and that
punishment could be waived in the case of German soldiers
who committed offenses against enemy civilians. He knew of
the deportation of workers - he once told Hitler that the
military commander of France had reported that over 220,000
workers had been deported into the Reich in the past six months.
On 18 October 1942 Hitler ordered that commando troops,
even if in uniform, should be killed, not only in battle, but in flight
or while attempting to surrender. This order was issued by
Jodl was hanged at Nuremberg on 16 October 1946.