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on the morning on April 29, 1945, with Germany lying in ruins after six
devastating years of war, and with defeat imminent, Adolf Hitler hastily
dictated his last will and a Political Testament to his secretary, Frau
Traudl Junge. The documents were little different from many speeches and
articles he had written before. After causing the destruction of huge
areas of Europe, demanding the sacrifice of millions of lives in pursuit
of his political ambitions, and ordering the murder of millions of
others, Adolf Hitler showed no remorse in his Political Testament.
Instead, he blamed the Jews for the war he himself had started.
In his will, he stated specifically who was to be the executor of his will, what he wanted done with his body, and who was to receive his possessions:
The Last Will
"As I did not consider that I could take responsibility, during the years of struggle, of contracting a marriage, I have now decided, before the closing of my earthly career, to take as my wife that girl who, after many years of faithful friendship, entered, of her own free will, the practically besieged town in order to share her destiny with me. At her own desire she goes as my wife with me into death. It will compensate us for what we both lost through my work in the service of my people.
What I possess belongs - in so far as it has any value - to the Party. Should this no longer exist, to the State; should the State also be destroyed, no further decision of mine is necessary.
My pictures, in the collections which I have bought in the course of years, have never been collected for private purposes, but only for the extension of a gallery in my home town of Linz on Donau.
It is my most sincere wish that this bequest may be duly executed.
I nominate as my Executor my most faithful Party comrade, Martin Bormann. He is given full legal authority to make all decisions. He is permitted to take out everything that has a sentimental value or is necessary for the maintenance of a modest simple life, for my brothers and sisters, also above all for the mother of my wife and my faithful co-workers who are well known to him, principally my old Secretaries Frau Winter etc. who have for many years aided me by their work.
I myself and my wife - in order to escape the disgrace of deposition or capitulation - choose death. It is our wish to be burnt immediately on the spot where I have carried out the greatest part of my daily work in the course of a twelve years' service to my people.
Given in Berlin, 29th April 1945, 4:00 a.m.
Signed: A. Hitler
Signed as witnesses:
Dr. Joseph Goebbels
Colonel Nicholaus von Below"