The Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews by Adolf Hitler and his henchmen during World War 2.

In 1933 approximately nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be military occupied by Germany during the war. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed by the Nazis.

1.5 million children were murdered. This figure includes more than 1.2 million Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and thousands of handicapped children.

The Nazis here were the Horrors of Mankind, Hitler's most ruthless henchmen - men often seen as the very personifications of evil. A  violent group of outsiders who rose to power in a democracy and established political and economic institutions of legitimized terror.

After the defeat of the Nazi Empire, Hitler’s apprehended henchmen and collaborators were brought to trial in Nuremberg. The purpose: to punish these criminals in the name of the six million Jews exterminated by Adolf Hitler and his henchmen.

The trial opened in Nov., 1945. Voluminous evidence was presented to prove the plotting of aggressive warfare, the extermination of civilian populations, especially the Jews, the widespread use of slave labor, the looting of occupied countries, and the maltreatment and murder of prisoners of war.

The trial lasted 11 months. Of the 21 defendants in custody (one indicted Nazi, Martin Bormann, was indicted in absentia and was never found), a total of 11 were sentenced to death, three were acquitted and the rest received prison terms.

Ten men were hanged in November 1946; one of those sentenced to death, Hermann Goering, cheated the gallows of Allied justice by committing suicide in his prison cell shortly before the ten other condemned Nazi leaders were hanged in Nuremberg gaol. He swallowed cyanide he had concealed in a copper cartridge shell, while lying on a cot in his cell.

The one-time Number Two man in the Nazi hierarchy was dead two hours before he was scheduled to have been dropped through the trap door of a gallows erected in a small, brightly lighted gymnasium in the gaol yard, 35 yards from the cell block where he spent his last days of ignominy.

/Louis Bülow


The Holocaust Websites - Crimes, Heroes And Villains

were established 1996 to promote education about the history of the Holocaust and assist visitors in developing understanding of the ramifications of prejudice and racism. The resources include essays, poems, eyewitness testimonies, photographs, documents, films, literature, timelines, links.