little Jewish boy, Joseph Schleifstein, sits on a United Nations Refugee Relief
Agency truck in the KZ camp Buchenwald, May, 1945. He miraculously survived the
horrors of the Holocaust and was four years old when American troops liberated
The total dead of Buchenwald was more than 50.000. Most were killed by the Nazis
by hanging, beating, shooting. The remaining died of starvation or poisoning.
Bodies were disposed of by cremation.
After World War 2 the famous photograph of the little Jewish survivor appeared
in files, exhibitions, magazines, books, newspaper articles and television
documentary programs on the Holocaust. He was four years old, how did he survive
Joseph Schleifstein was born in Sandomierz, Poland, on March 7, 1941, as the son
of Israel and Esther Schleifstein. He was 2 years old when he and his parents
were deported to the Buchenwald KZ camp in 1943. When they arrived at the
Buchenwald railhead older people and children were immediately ordered to the
left - gas chambers and death, younger people to the right - slave work but life.
In the general confusion of lining up, Joseph's father found a large sack and -
with a stern warning to keep absolutely quiet - he placed his two-year-old son
in it. With the help of other inmates he miraculously managed to hide his child
from the Nazi officers until the U.S. army liberated the KZ camp on April 12,
Shortly afterwards the famous photograph was taken - little Joseph sitting on
the running board of a United Nations truck. He later recalled those weeks, no
more hiding, enough food, and especially all the rides the Americans gave him on
their tanks and jeeps.
After the war Joseph's father lost no time but tried desperately to seek Esther,
but he did not find her. The Jewish Joint Distribution Committee helped
them go to Switzerland for a recuperative period. After a few months they
returned to Germany to look for Joseph's mother again. By a miracle she had
survived the Holocaust, too, and they found her in Dachau in southern Germany,
where the family settled. Later, in 1948, the Schleifstein family immigrated to
the United States.
Today Joseph Schleifstein is the father of two children and trades stock on the
Internet after taking early retirement a few years ago following 25 years at